How Should Work Boots Fit? 9 Things you Need to Consider Before Purchasing Your Next Pair

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Boots are like any piece of clothing, theyre only as good as they fit. 

A poorly fitted work boot can give you the illusion of safety while youre actually doing damage to your foot. 

Before its complete this article will have answered the question that probably brought you here, how should work boots fit?

As I prepared to research this article, I primarily expected to get resources from boot and shoe manufacturers. 

What I found surprised me, because the people discussing the topic of poorly fitted footwear were mostly doctors and researchers. 

From academic articles, to independent podiatrists, to trade organizations, it seems that most of the people concerned with getting you to find the right fit are actually those who have to deal with problems associated with the wrong fit.  

When boots dont fit properly, they dont feel good; thats no secret. 

The many health problems related to ill-fitted footwear is less known. 

Truthfully, I wasnt aware of many of the issues myself before doing the research for this article.

It has been one of those moments where Im not just writing to teach others, Im also writing to learn.

I knew pain, and comfort, but I didnt know the things to look for when looking for a new pair of work boots.

I worked for a number of years doing carpentry, so work boots were part of my daily grind. 

For even longer than that, Ive had comically flat and wide duck-feet that required me to purchase orthopedic footbeds (insoles) for all my shoes and boots. 

This made buying footwear a pain, but never something I would try to rush through; the actual physical pain of getting the wrong shoes made life downright unenjoyable.

There was a point, however, where I didnt know that I needed something different. 

It was only by chance that a friend of mine who frequently ran noticed something and gave me advice that has made my life better ever since. 

Im hoping that some of you will read this article, review your own experiences, and discover that you can feel better than you have been.   

Everyone knows their boot size, but one number cant tell you everything you need to know when trying to find the perfect fit.

In this article well discuss the different variables of boot fit, how it should feel, and things you can do to make the process as easy as possible. 

With all that in mind, lets get into the first thing to help you figure out how your work boots should fit, a description of how they should feel and perform. 

How Should Work Boots Feel?

The quickest and easiest way of describing this is by going through  parts of the foot, boot, and aspects of a fit. 

That way if youre just curious about something particular, jump to that and keep it moving with the rest of your day. 

For those who want to know the full scope, make your way down the list.

To help you see the various variables in measuring a foot, check out this fantastic diagram from Jessica Dobson featured in her article in Ergonomics.

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Image Credit: Jessica Dobson

Comfort

It goes without saying that any type of safety shoe should be as comfortable as possible.

Sadly, even with todays technology discomfort still remains high.

In an article by Applied Ergonmics, 45% of men found their safety footwear uncomfortable compared to their regular shoe.

Women faired worse with 65% feeling uncomfortable.

Fit and comfort both go hand in hand, so the hope is that a work shoe that has a perfect fit will also be comfortable too.

Read on and lets see.

Heel

Your heel should rest within the boots heel snugly, but not pinching. 

As youre putting the boot on, youll feel some resistance at about halfway on, at which point the resistance will decrease as your toes move forward and your heel moves down. 

Your heel should not slip (move up as you walk) more than an ⅛ of an inch. 

Any more than ⅛ and I advise picking a different pair. 

⅛ is small enough that as you break the boots in this will correct itself.

I should note, Ive found new boots that had no heel slippage, so it is possible to get a pair with 0 of slippage from day one. 

Dont feel heel pinch or slip and tell yourself thats just how new boots are. 

They may have been in the past, but that doesnt mean they have to be that way with your new pair.

Arch

The arch of your boot should just go beyond making contact with the arch of your foot. 

Slightly supporting, and mirroring the shape of your arch. 

Proper arch support has been determined to limit plantar fasciitis.

I can tell you that proper arch support prevents foot, knee, and hip pain in my anecdotal experience

In terms of construction, think of receiving a piece of wood being ripped on a table saw. 

From the perspective of weightlifting, think of spotting someone as they lift. 

In both those examples youre not trying to lift the object, nor let it sag, you want to give slight support to keep it in a level position. 

If youre a person that needs specialized arch supports, you need to make sure that the boots youre looking at have enough room for your arch and your foot. 

Dont buy the boots and find out later theyre not big enough

Instep (Top of Foot)

The instep should hug your foot snugly, but not tight. 

Its possible youll find boots that fit great at the heel but develop a gap at the instep. 

Sometimes the boot feels great near your toes, but the tongue disappears into the boot closer to the ankle. 

You never know how 

If you find yourself pulling the laces tighter on your boots to make them fit, then they dont fit. 

In this example, the boots arent really supporting you and can lead to health risks such as lace bites. 

If it seems like it took a lot of effort to tie the boots or that the boots are tied to your foot but arent on there, move on to another pair.

You want the instep to support you, not restrict you. 

Toes

Toes should have anywhere from ½ to 1 of room before touching the front of your boot, the low end of that range is roughly a thumb width worth of room.

Whats often ignored with toes is how much width they have. 

If theyre jammed into one another like sardines or, even worse, overlapping so you can fit into the boot, look for a wider boot! 

Failure to do so can result in pinched nerves or other serious medical conditions.

The most important thing is that you try on both boots before deciding that they fit your toes. 

It happens that human feet are not identical and one foot may be larger than the other.

Let your toes move, breath, and help make your work easier by giving them the room they need.

Width (Super Important)

The sides of your feet should feel contact but not pressure, and your toes should never have to relocate. 

The width of a work boot is routinely ignored by many as they look for a new pair. 

Getting a pair of boots thats (usually) too narrow can result in discomfort in the best case scenario, and result in numbness and nerve damage in severe and long-term cases. 

We include length and width with every measurement we take, so why dont we do the same for our feet? 

Crunching your feet into boots that arent wide enough for your feet doesnt mean they fit. 

That pain just means youre putting unnecessary stress on a body part youll want functional till your last day on earth.

To ensure a proper fit, align the ball of your foot with the widest part of your safety boot.

It doesnt matter what kind of safety footwear, toe box or toe shape you have.

If the width isnt correct, the rest will fail.

The fit for steel toe and composite toe should ideally be the same as a pair of boots without the safety cap.

Before Getting to the Store  

Forget Your Size

Forget your boot size, trust your feet! 

Just because youve been buying work boots in a particular size for years doesnt mean that theyre right for you. 

Dont assume your feet are the same size as when you left high school.

Many factors, such as age, height, weight, foot conditions all have an impact on the shoe size.

Walk into the store with the intention of getting the best gear for the job, not simply getting a chore done. 

Many people want buying boots to be a 10 minute process that requires nothing but a size, brand, and money.

You can do this, but the chances are youre going to be paying for your lack of patience the entire time you own those boots. 

This is ironic, because most of the people buying boots have the greatest levels of concern and patience for the work they need those boots to do! 

Consider your boots as a crucial tool that allows you to produce top notch work for your business, boss, or union.

Everyone reading this has probably rolled their eyes at the guy who has said, lets hurry up and get this done so we can get out of here. 

Youve wished he would take the necessary steps to deliver good workmanship.

Dont rely on your memory, rely on what you feel the day youre going in there. Things change, and so do feet!

Discover Your Arch

Get your foot checked at an orthopedic store or podiatrists office to find out if you will benefit from getting additional arch support. 

Its impossible to know what kind of work boot will fit you best if youre not aware of what level of arch support you need.

It may be that your foot is just fine and you dont need any additional help. 

It also may be the case, as it was with me, that youve been unnecessarily walking around in pain without even noticing it. 

Be Teachable, Be Patient

Prepare to ask for help and ask questions. 

f you ask for the sizing factors youre looking for and explain the issues youre having with the boots the sales associate is bringing you to try on, you might just get the pair you never would have imagined. 

Simply walking in the store and saying I want brand X and I never wear brand Y is not an effective strategy. 

If you seek a guide instead of a servant when looking for your new work boots, you might be better off than running the show alone. 

With patience, a little research, and a good sales associate, you should have no problem finding a pair of work boots that feels like they were built for you. 

If youre buying online, you can use the tips mentioned above.

Just dont forget to check the retailers return policy in case your safety shoes dont fit.

Once youve purchased your boots, you might want to learn how to break into them.

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